Erster Deutsch-Ungarischer Unterstutzungs Verein/Banater Benefit Society and Banater Athletic Club Papers, Cleveland, Ohio,

1911-1960

Immigration History Research Center
University of Minnesota

Provenance/Processing | Biographical Sketch | Scope and Content | Preliminary Container List


IHRC #42
Erster Deutsch-Ungarischer Unterstutzungs Verein/Banater Benefit Society and Banater Athletic Club Papers, 1911-1960
X linear feet
Inventory


 

Provenance/Processing

    The papers of the Erster Deutsch-Ungarischer Unterstutzungs Verein (EDUUV), or the Banater Benefit Society, were deposited in the Immigration History Research Center in May 1966.  They were a gift of Matthias Bohr, a long-time officer of the Banater Benefit Society, and were secured through the efforts of Professor Timothy Smith, then a member of the University of Minnesota Immigrant Archives Committee.  The collection consists of 17 legal size folders, incorporating the minutes, financial reports and records of the EDUUV / Banater Benefit Society and Banater Athletic Club as well as various printed publications commemorating the history and achievements of these and other German-American organizations in Ohio and Pennsylvania.  The collection was processed in 1975-1976 by Paul Kelley and Kermit B. Westerberg.
 

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Biographical Sketch

The EDUUV was a mutual aid society established by seven young men in Cleveland, Ohio, on May 15, 1911.  The membership consisted primarily of Roman Catholic German Americans who had emigrated from the eastern part of the Banat, in what is now Yugoslavia and Romania.  They were descendants of Swabians who settled in the Banat in the 16th and 17th centuries and who began emigrating to the United States in the late 1800's.  As a mutual aid society, the organizations provided sick benefits of $7 a week, for which members paid $.50 a month, and death benefits or insurance payments of (originally) $200 for which eligible members (over 40 years of age) paid $1 a month.  The latter benefits, called the Sterbe Casse, were intended to cover minimal burial expenses incurred by families of deceased members of the Society.  These represented rather substantial benefits at the time, as the daily income of a typical worker did not exceed $1.50.  Although the Society was originally intended to serve a male membership, women were admitted in 1912 and received the same privileges and obligations as men.  Between 1911 and 1961 the Society reportedly paid its members $54,289 in sick benefits and $56,000 in death benefits.

Other German-speaking immigrants who settled in the Cleveland, Ohio, area belonged primarily to a second mutual aid society, the Greater Beneficial Union of Pittsburgh.  Although some of the Banater emigrants also joined this Union, the vast majority maintained exclusive membership in the EDUUV.  Over the years between 1911 and the mid 1920's the "Banaters" also formed a number of educational and recreational organizations, which, although administratively separate, went under the Banater name.  One example is the Banater Athletic Club, founded on September 1, 1921, whose minutes from 1922-1930 comprise a part of this collection.  Other Banater organizations included women's societies, men's and women's choirs, youth groups, and the like.

Characteristic of the Society's history up to the early 1930's was the expansion of its membership and total financial assets.  Contacts were also made with other German-American organizations in Ohio and throughout the American Midwest regarding the exchange of members and the formation of umbrella organizations.  The Depression of the 1930's, however, left its mark on the Society in terms of financial losses, the bankruptcy of the Banater Hall Co., and membership reductions, all of which led, in 1939, to a significant revision of the Society's statutes concerning membership, benefits and obligations.  The twenty-year period between 1940 and 1960 (the latter marking the last entry in the final volume of Society minutes in the collection) is one of internal consolidation among the various Banater organizations, where the planning and financing of a new Society hall, the adoption of measures for European relief in the wake of World War II, and the quest for new membership assume significance for the ongoing life of the Society.

The Erster Deutsch-Ungarischer Unterstutzungs Verein celebrated its fortieth anniversary in 1951: the program issued on this occasion (see Folder 16) carries an advertisement to the effect that the "Banater Klub" (Deutsch-Ungarisches Heim) of Cleveland is the official home of eight organizations.  These are: The Erster Deutsch-Ungarischer Unterstutzungs Verein; the Banater Damen-Chor; the Banater Maenner-Chor; the Banater Civic League; the Banater Frauen Club; the Banater Sewing Circle; and the Greater Beneficial Union, Districts 258 and 70.

On October 1, 1953, the official name of the organization became the Banater Benefit Society, thereby conforming to the names of the other Banater clubs and associations.

Pre-eminent among the Society's officers over the years since its founding is Matthias Bohr, the donor of the collection, who served both as President and Secretary for long periods of time and.also filled the position of Secretary of the Banater Athletic Club.

Organization of the Collection

The collection has been organized into the following five major categories:

I. Protokoll (minutes of the meetings) of the EDUUV/Banater Benefit Society, 1911-1960, (folders 1-8)

II. Financial records and account books of the Society, 1911-1945, (folders 9-13)

III.  Minutes of the Banater Athletic Club, 1922-1930, (folder 14)

IV. Membership Lists of the Banater Athletic Club, early 1940's-1949, (folder 15)

V. Miscellaneous printed publications relating to the Society as a whole and other German-American organizations in Ohio and Pennsylvania, 1950-1964, (folders 16-17)
 

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Scope and Content

PARTIAL SUBJECT INVENTORY





The following is a guide, not a complete index, to certain persons, subjects, and associations prominent in the collection.
 

AMERIKAN DEUTSCH-UNGARISCHER KRANKEN UNTERSTUTZUNGS VEREIN
    Folders 5,6,8

BANATER ATHLETEN CLUB/BANATER SPORT CLUB
    Folders 14, 15[?]

BANATER BENEFIT SOCIETY (see also EDUUV)
    Folders 8,17 [1-13, 16]

BANATER CIVIC LEAGUE
    Folders 4-8

BANATER CLUB
    Folders 7-8, 15[?], 16-17

BANATER DAMENCHOR
    Folders 4-8, 17

BANATER FRAUEN VEREIN
    Folders 5-8

BANATER HALL BUILDING FUND (1947-1951)
    Folder 8

BANATER HALL GESELLSCHAFT [ -1937]
    Folders 4,5,6,8

BANATER JUGEND VEREIN
    Folders 3-4,17

BANATER MAENNERCHOR
    Folders 4-8,17

BANATER SEWING CIRCLE
    Folder 8

BOHR, MATTHIAS
    Folders 1-8,14,16-17

CENTRAL OHIO SAENGER VEREIN
    Folder 8

CLEVELAND COUNCIL FOR THE PROTECTION OF FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
    Folder 3

CLEVELAND SOCCER LEAGUE
    Folder 14

CUYAHOGA DISTRICT 4 ASSOCIATION
    Folder 7

DANUBESCHWABEN [sic] SOCIETY, NEW YORK
    Folder 8

DEUTSCH-AMERIKANISCHER STAATSVERBAND
    Folder 4

DEUTSCH-BANATER SPORT CLUB
    Folder 14

DEUTSCH-CANADIAN VERBAND (GERMAN-CANADIAN HOME SOCIETY),
REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN
    Folder 5

DEUTSCHE KINDERCHOR, CLEVELAND
    Folder 16

DEUTSCHE SCHULE, CLEVELAND
    Folder 16

DEUTSCHER STADTVERBAND (GERMAN-AMERICAN CIVIC LEAGUE)
    Folders 8,16

DEUTSCHE ZENTRALE (GERMAN CENTRAL FARM)
    Folders 8,16

EAST SIDE CLEVELAND BENEFIT SOCIETY
    Folder 8

EAST SIDE SACHSENHEIM
    Folder 8

ERSTER/DEUTSCH-UNGARISCHER KRANKEN UNTERSTUTZUNGS VEREIN (SICK AND DEATH BENEFIT SOCIETY)
    Folders 1-13,16

EUROPEAN RELIEF
    Folders 8,17

GERMAN DAY
    Folders 8,17

GESANG VEREIN
    Folder 8

GREATER [or GERMAN] BENEFICIAL UNION, DISTRICTS 70 & 258
    Folders 5,7,8,16

HEIMATS UNTERSTUTZUNGS VEREIN
    Folder 4

INTERNATIONAL SOCCER ASSOCIATION
    Folder 14

LIBERATION OF SOUTHERN HUNGARY
    Folder 8

NAH-UND GROCHET FRAUEN VEREIN
    Folder 8

OHIO, STATE SENATE.  BILL 389 [1955]
    Folder 8

PITTSBURGH DEUTSCHER SPORTVEREIN
    Folder 14

POLITISCHE VERSAMLUNG
    Folder 4

SCHWABISCHER SAENGER VEREIN
    Folders 7, 8

STAHLHEIM ARTSGRUPPE (GERMAN WORLD WAR VETERANS)
    Folder 5

STEUBEN SOCIETY OF AMERICA
    Folders 3,16

TURNER HILFSCOMITTEE [sic]
    Folder 14

UNITED STATES FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION
    Folder 14

UNITED STATES.  TREASURY DEPARTMENT.  INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE
    Folder 8

VEREINIGTE BANATER, CINCINNATI
    Folders 6,8

VEREINSNACHRICHTEN (periodical)
    Folder 8

WACHTER UND ANZEIGER (newspaper)
    Folders 8,16,17
 

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Preliminary Container List

 
Folder # Folder Title and Description of Contents Year(s)
1 Protokoll --
One ledger containing the minutes of the Society's meetings for the period from 1911-1916.  Handwritten in old German script.
1911-1916
2 Protokoll --
One ledger containing the minutes of the Society's meetings for the period from 1917-1926.  Handwritten in old German script.
1917-1926
3 Protokoll --
One ledger containing the minutes of the Society's meetings for the period from 1927-1930.  Handwritten in German (Roman alphabet).
1927-1930
4 Protokoll --
One ledger containing the minutes of the Society's meetings for the period from 1930-1934.  Handwritten in German (Roman alphabet).
(N.B.:  Newspaper clippings pasted on the inside back flyleaf of this ledger.)
1930-1934
5 Protokoll --
One ledger containing the minutes of the Society's meetings for the period from 1934-1937.  Handwritten in German (Roman alphabet).
1934-1937
6 Protokoll --
One ledger containing the minutes of the Society's meetings for the period from 1937-1941.  Handwritten in German (Roman alphabet).
1937-1941
7 Protokoll --
One ledger containing the minutes of the Society's meetings for the period from 1941-1945.  Handwritten in German (Roman alphabet).
1941-1945
8 Protokoll --
One ledger containing the minutes of the Society's meetings for the period from 1945-1960 (January).  Handwritten in German (Roman alphabet) through 1947; in English from 1948-1960.
1945-1960
9 Financial Records --
One ledger containing the Society's financial records for the period 1911-1932.  Handwritten in German.  Numbered pages.  Contents: pp.1-71, period from 1911-1917, members' names, fees, and benefits; pp. 150-248, period from 1912-ca.1923, members' names and sick benefit payments; pp. 249-251, 1911, "Mitgliedgrundbuch" containing personal data on constituent members of the Society at its founding in May, 1911; pp. 252-348, period from 1923-1932, members' names and sick benefit payments; pp. 396-397, period from 1915-1931, list of deaths in membership; pp. 398-399, period from 1914-1916, Death Benefit Fund.
1911-1932
10 Financial Records --
One ledger containing records of the Society's cash receipts and expenditures for the period 1911-1927.  Handwritten in German.  Numbered pages, Contents: pp. 1-74, cash receipts and expenditures for 1911-1926, ending with treasury balance for Jan., 1927; pp. 75-81, cash transactions with membership (sick benefits?), no dates; pp. 96-99, cash receipts and death benefit payments, including sick benefit fund, and list of deceased members, 1920-1926; pp. 100-102, death benefit fees and various receipts and expenditures, [1912?]-1918.
1911-1927
11 Hauptkassa Journal --
One ledger containing records of the Society's receipts and expenditures for the period 1911-1930.  Handwritten in German.  Numbered pages.  Contents: pp. 1-235, receipts and expenditures for second quarter of 1911 to end of year 1930, including sick benefit payments; pp. 250-261, death benefit fees from membership, 1912-1915; pp. 290-291, 295-298, 300, financial statements on the Banater Hall Company, 1921-1930.
1911-1930
12 Hauptbuch der Sterbe Casse --
One ledger containing a record of death benefit fees/death benefit sums per recorded member for the period 1927-1931.  Handwritten in German.  Entries by "book number" and members' names.
1927-1931
13 Financial Records --
One ledger containing a record of the Society's receipts and expenditures, including sick and death benefit transactions, for the period 1927-1945.  Handwritten in German.  Numbered pages.  Contents: pp. 1-266, receipts and expenditures, including sick benefit payments, 1927-1945; pp. 266-279, death benefit receipts and expenditures, 1943-1937 [in that order]; p. 280, death benefit receipts and expenditures, 1927-1928; pp. 282-299, death benefit receipts and expenditures, 1928-1936
1927-1945
14 Minutes of the Banater Athletic Club --
One ledger containing the minutes and financial accounts of the Banater Athletic Club for the period 1922-1930.  Handwritten in German.  Numbered pages (pp. 130-300 cut and missing).  The Club is called the Banater Athleten Club from 1922-1924; the Banater Sport Club from 1925-August 1929; and, as a result of a merger with the Deutschen Sport Club, the Deutsch-Banater Sport Club from September 1929-1930.
1922-1930
15 Membership lists of the Banater [Athletic?] Club --
One ledger containing a series of numbered membership lists of the Banater [Athletic?] Club for the period ca.1940-1949.  Handwritten in German.  Numbered pages.  Presumed to be (and so marked on ledger spine) the membership list's of the Banater Athletic Club, although the first page of entries is headed is "Mitgliederliste des Banater Clubes." Contents: pp. 1-102, nos. 1-1499, names and addresses, undated; pp. 106-125, nos. 1500-1848, names and addresses, undated; pp. 130-151, nos. 2000-2325, names and addresses, p. 130 dated March 24, 1943; pp. 152-158, nos. 1-106, names and addresses, undated [1944?]; pp. 158-164, nos. 108-248, names and addresses, p. 158 dated January 30, 1945; pp. 166-170, nos. 1-128, names and addresses, p. 166 dated 1946; pp. 173-183, nos. 1-278, names and addresses, p. 173 dated as 1946 [sic]; pp. 184-192, nos. 1-232, names and addresses, p. 184 dated as 1947; pp.194-201, nos. 1-194, names and addresses, p. 194 dated as 1948; pp. 202-203, nos. 1-22, names and addresses, p. 202 dated as 1949; p. 283, list of names with nonsequential numbers, no dates.
1940-1949
16 Miscellaneous printed publications and newspaper clippings on the EDUUV and the Banater Society,
1950-1964
     25th Anniversary Program of the Banater Damenchor, 1950
     40th Anniversary Program of the EDUUV, 1951
     50th Anniversary Program of the Banater Maennerchor, 1958
     50th Anniversary Program of the Banater Benefit Society, 1961
     Newspaper clippings from Wachter und Anzeiger on testimonial for Matthias Bohr, April 17, 1964.
1950,
1951,
1958,
1961,
1964
17 Miscellaneous printed publications of German-American organizations in Ohio and Pennsylvania, 1954; 1958-1964
     50th Anniversary Program of the Greater Beneficial Union, District 258, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1954.
     Deutscher Tag programs (sponsored by the Deutscher Stadtverband [German-American Civic League]), 1958; 1961-1964.
1954;
1958;
1961-
1964

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