Bureau for Intercultural Education, 
Records, ca. 1940-1960

Immigration History Research Center
College of Liberal Arts
University of Minnesota

Abstract | Provenance/Processing | Historical Note | Preliminary Container List

Bureau for Intercultural Education,
Records, ca. 1940-1960
ca. 1.5 linear feet
Preliminary Inventory


The Bureau was founded ca. 1940 after reorganization of its predecessors, the Service Bureau for Education in Human Relations and the Service Bureau for Intercultural Education.  Rachel DuBois had founded the former to help teachers and school administrators in the New York area set up intercultural programs.  In 1937, the Service Bureau became the "Commission on Intercultural Education" of the Progressive Education Association; in 1938 it was renamed the Service Bureau for Intercultural Education.  DuBois resigned in 1940, and the organization then became the Bureau for Intercultural Education.  Its first director was Stewart Cole, who was succeeded by H. H. Giles.  The group established field centers in cities such as Detroit, MI, led workshops for educators, and conducted scientific research. It ceased to operate in 1954.

Records include correspondence, articles, interviews, minutes,  publications, and reports.  Also included are tapes and transcriptions of tapes of Stewart Cole.  In English.  Inventory available.  Related collections: Stewart Cole; Rachel Davis DuBois.

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Acquired by Nicholas Montalto in February, 1974, from Professor Walter Feinberg, University of Illinois (after securing authorization of the original donors: Professor Kenneth Benne, Boston University, and H. H. Giles, Central Village, Massachusetts.)

This is just a preliminary inventory as the collection has not been fully arranged.  This preliminary inventory was prepared for the Internet by student assistant Jessica Roskoski and Assistant Curator Heather Muir in 2001. Updated in April 2004.

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Historical Note

In January, 1934, Dr. Rachel DuBois, with the sponsorship of a number of Columbia University faculty members, founded the Service Bureau for Education in Human Relations, a “clearing house” agency designed to help teachers and school administrators in setting up programs in intercultural education. This agency sponsored intercultural programs in fifteen schools in the New York metropolitan area (1934-1935). In January of 1937, the Service Bureau was invited to become the “Commission on Intercultural Education” of the Progressive Education Association. This arrangement ended in September 1938, however, and the original organization was revived and renamed the Service Bureau for Intercultural Education.

During 1939-1940, the General Education Board, before deciding to make a commitment for financial support to the Bureau, conducted an evaluation of the activities of the Service Bureau. The report of the G.E.B. was critical of an approach to intergroup relations which emphasized the contributions of individual groups. The philosophic and programmatic differences which emerged at this time led to the resignation of Dr. DuBois and other members of the Board of Directors (1939-1941), and the dismissal of others not in agreement with the dominant point of view.

The Bureau for Intercultural Education (BIE) emerged out of a reorganization of the original Service Bureau accomplished during the period 1939-1941. During the next ten years, the Bureau for Intercultural Education assumed leadership over a number of influential programs in the field of intercultural education, including workshop training for teachers, scientific research in the emerging field of human relations and the establishment of field centers in such cities as Detroit, Gary, and Battle Creek. The Bureau’s major financial backers were the American Jewish Committee, the Anti-Defamation League of B’Nai B’rith, and the Julius Rosenwalk Fund. The first director of the vamped Bureau was Stewart Cole, who served from 1940 to 1944. He was succeeded by H.H. Giles from 1944-1948, under whose direction made a major expansion of Bureau operations was carried out. From 1948 to 1954, a number of men assumed supervision of the organization, but a combination of factors led to a gradual reduction of the number and scope of Bureau activities. The decision to “suspend operations” was taken at the final meeting of the Bureau’s Executive Committee on June 9, 1954.

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Preliminary Container List

Box Contents
1 Kilpatrick material, 1916
  Kilpatrick & Frontiers of Democracy material, 1940-1941
  Bureau for Intercultural Education (BIE) History, ca. 1940
  Service Bureau G.E.D. Evaluation; vol. 2, 1940
  BIE General Correspondence & related documents, 1940-1957
  BIE Correspondence, Fieldston School Project, 1940
  BIE Reports to the Board of Directors
  BIE Minutes, 1945-1947
  Pamphlets, BIE
  BIE Publications, Promising Practices in Intergroup Education, 1947
  Intercultural Education News, 1945-1948, scattered news
  Pamphlets, National Conference, Christ and Jews
  Philadelphia Early Childhood Project, Progress Report, 1946
  Clippings, Philadelphia Project and Others
  BIE Correspondence
  BIE Report on Second Conference of School Administrators, Chicago, 1945
  BIE Department of Analysis and Research, Survey of Intercultural Policies of Selected School Systems, 1947
  BIE Harding Correspondence, 1946-1948
  Giles’ Check Lists
  Bureau - Center for Human Relations
  BIE Field Report Schedules, Westchester County, n.d.
  Miscellaneous Publications and Pamphlets, 1950, 1958
  BIE History Interviews, 1958
  Form Letters
  Questionnaire (blank)
  Stewart Cole Tapes; 1, 2, 3
  Transcriptions of Cole Tapes; 1, 2
  Transcriptions of Cole Tapes; 3
  Notes on Interviews, ca. 1958
  BIE Year by Year Historical Sketch, ca. 1958
  Bureau lists of Officers and Board Members, 1934-1952
  Notes on Bureau Publications, 1958
  Notes on Rachel D. DuBois’ doctoral dissertation, ca. 1958
  Content Analysis of Publications
  Analysis of Budget
  My Notes (?) on the Report of the Committee for Evaluation to the General Education Board
  Related Papers: Olive Hall
  Miscellaneous Notes, ca. 1958
  BIE Fund Raising Literature
2 BIE Feinberg History
  Panel of Americans, 1961
  BIE Bibliographical Material
  One bound copy of Victor E. Pitkin’s dissertation: “A Resource Unit for the Training of Secondary Teachers in Problems and Issue Involving Minority Groups. With Special Reference to Negro-White Relations”

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