University of Minnesota

Central Cooperative Wholesale, Records

Finding Aid


Immigration History Research Center, College of Liberal Arts, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Creator: Central Co-operative Wholesale (U.S.)
Dates: 1916-1969
Abstract: Records (1916-1969), in English, of the Central Cooperative Wholesale (Superior, Wisconsin), include correspondence; minutes; memoranda; district meeting plans; reports; newspaper clippings; pamphlets; registration lists; and a large number of photographs. The records contain substantial correspondence with and information on other cooperatives in the area. Also included are essays written by children competing for scholarships, and materials pertaining to Cooperative Youth Camps, and Cooperative Youth League activities.
Quantity: 18 linear feet (47 boxes)
Language: In English.
Collection ID: IHRC426


The Central Cooperative Wholesale (Superior, Wis.) was founded in 1917 as the Cooperative Central Exchange. It functioned as a marketing and purchasing agency for farm produce. The Cooperative Central Exchange developed its own line of merchandise during the 1920's, while its membership and sales continued to grow. In the late 1920's, however, a political struggle ensued between Communist and non-Communist members; the cooperative split and the non-Communist faction changed the organization's name to the Central Cooperative Wholesale. During the 1920's, the cooperative had prospered. Ethnic composition of membership shifted from being exclusively Finnish and became more Americanized. In 1956, the name was changed to Central Cooperatives, Inc. The organization continued to operate until the early 1960's; in 1963, it merged with Midland Cooperatives.



The Central Cooperative Wholesale collection is available for public research.


The Central Cooperative Wholesale collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRC.


The Central Cooperative Wholesale Records, Finnish American Collection, Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota


Related materials can be located at the IHRC in the collections of Aino Maki; Walter Harju; and Edith Koivisto.

Index Terms

Cooperative societies--Wisconsin--Superior.
Cooperative societies--Minnesota.
Cooperative societies--Michigan.
Finnish American Communists.
Finnish Americans--Wisconsin.

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