Aavik, Juhan, Papers

Finding Aid


IHRC Archives

Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Dates: 1949-1986
Abstract: Biographical materials, newspaper clippings, correspondence, and sheet music.
Quantity: 5 linear in.
Language: Estonian, English
Collection ID: IHRC588


Collection transferred to the IHRC from the Estonian Archives in the U.S.A. (EAU) in 2003-2005. It was processed as part of a collaborative project between the Estonian Archives in the USA (Lakewood, New Jersey), the National Archives of Estonia (NAE), and the IHRC in March 2009. Gristel Ramler and Birgit Nurme of the National Archives in Tallinn, Estonia, worked with IHRC staff on the project.


29.01.1884 Holstre parish, Paistu, Viljandimaa, Estonia – 26.11. 1982 Stockholm, Sweden.

Estonian composer and conductor. Juhan Aavik graduated from the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1907 in trumpet performance under W. Wurm, and in 1911 in music theory and composition under A. Ljadov, N. Soloviov, J. Vitols and A. Glazunov. One of the leaders Estonian musical life. 1911 – 1914 musical director of theatre “Vanemuine” and 1925 – 1933 musical director of theatre “Estonia”. 1919 – 1925, director of Tartu Higher School of Music, 1925 –1928 faculty member and 1928 – 1933 professor at the Tallinn Conservatory. 1933 – 1940 and 1941 – 1944 Director of the Tallinn Conservatory. Has directed several choirs (choruses) and symphony orchestras, has been principal conductor of several song celebrations. Has published several song books. One of the founders of the Academic Society of Estonian Musicians (Eesti Akadeemiline Helikunstnike Selts), chairman of the Estonian Singers Union (Eesti Lauljate Liit), editor of magazin “Muusikaleht” ("Music paper"). From 1923 member of Estonian Students Society “Veljesto”. Composed mostly organ music, chamber music and songs for children and choirs. Often uses folk music elements. Best known choral work "Hoia, Jumal, Eestit!" ("God, protect Estonia!") Published two books -- memoir “Muusika radadelt I" ("From the Paths of Music I", Toronto,1959) ja “Eesti muusika ajalugu" I-II (“Estonian Musical History" I – II, Stockholm, 1965) and III-IV (Stockholm, 1969). Emigrated to Stockholm, Sweden in 1944. Wife Alma Aavik (born Paalmann 20.10.1885 Rasina parish, Võnnu, Tartu county, Estonia – 2.12.1977 Stockholm, Sweden) was a teacher in Tapa, Petersburg and Tartu. Married to J. Aavik since 1912. Juhan Aavik´s father Andres Aavik was a school teacher and choir and wind band conductor. About him: Kuusk, P. “Juhan Aavik - “Estonia” lauluteatri rajajaid” Tallinn, 1981.



The Aavik, Juhan collection is available for public research.


The Aavik, Juhan collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRC Archives.


The Aavik, Juhan Papers, Estonian American Collection, IHRC Archives, University of Minnesota


Personal collection in Estonian Theatre and Music Museum, M22. Several photos from this collection housed in the Estonian Archives in the USA, Lakewood, NJ. (09.03.2009)

Index Terms

Displaced persons

Detailed Description of the Collection

BOX 1.

FOLDER 1. Documents from 70th and 80th jubilee celebrations of Juhan Aavik
Newspapers clippings, copies from articles, programmes of concerts, reports of sales, manuscripts of presentations about Juhan Aavik (by Juta Kurman), invitations, correspondence etc.
FOLDER 2. Materials from 90th jubilee of Juhan Aavik. 1967-1977
Music sheets, manuscripts and copies of them (1967), reports, Catalogue of Works (print, 1968), newspaper clippings, personal notes, programmes of concerts, CV (1969), manuscripts of presentations (by Juta Kurman), manuscript about Juhan Aavik (by Vilma Nerep, 1974), memorial service of Alma Aavik.
FOLDER 3. Materials from 95th jubilee and centenary celebrations. 1979-1984
Invitations, programmes of concerts, manuscripts of presentations (by Juta Kurman), newspaper clippings, copies from articles, manuscripts of articles (unauthorized), copy from statue of Juhan Aavik's Foundation, memorial service of Juhan Aavik, programme of concert and CV-s about Peeter Süda and Juhan Aavik, biographical data about Juhan Aavik, newspaper "Teataja" 21.01.1984.
FOLDER 4. Correspondence of Juta Kurman. 1949-1986
FOLDER 5. Print items.
Sheet music and books, copies of articles and programmes, print-out of presentation (by Juta Kurman).