Karuks, Vello, Papers

Finding Aid


IHRC Archives

Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Dates: ca. 1944-1993
Abstract: Correspondence between Vello Karuks and legislators in the US Congress about Estonian political prisoners in USSR. Newspaper clippings pertaining to Estonian American issues from the Seattle, WA, area.
Quantity: 5 linear in.
Language: English, Estonian
Collection ID: IHRC3112


Collection transferred to the IHRC from the Estonian Archives in the U.S.A. (EAU) in 2003-2005. It was processed as part of a collaborative project between the Estonian Archives in the USA (Lakewood, New Jersey), the National Archives of Estonia (NAE), and the IHRC in March 2012. Gristel Ramler and Tiina Trumberg of the National Archives in Tallinn, Estonia, worked with IHRC staff on the project.


1927 - July 2003 Vello Karuks was born in Rakvere, Estonia where he also graduated from primary school. His family managed to escape the 1941. deportation. Joined the Home Guard as a young man. 1944 started studying in Pärnu Flight School, which was evacuated to Germany in 20.09.1944. He was sent to an air defense school in Germany, but was captured by the U.S. troops. Karuks was a prisoner of war in the town of Nanur in Belgium. After being released, lived in Hanau D.P. camp for a while. Went to Sweden in 1948, found work in a factory in Norrköping, also continued his studies in a local engineering school and married a fellow Estonian émigré, Helke Annussar. In1951 the couple went to Canada, where they first lived in Toronto and then in Vancouver, where Helke was the coach of the local gymnastics team. In 1969 they moved to Seattle, USA, where Vello worked in Alaska Copper Company until retirement. The couple actively participated in the activities of the sports society „Kalev“ Participated in helping the imprisoned freedom fighters, was a long-time head of district of the Estonian American National Council, supported the Citizens Congress (Kodanike Kongress) and Congress of Estonia (Eesti Kongress) movements. One of the founders of Ritso-Kistler foundation. Wife: Helke (nee Annussar), married 1950. Sons: Matti and Kuno Daughter: Meelike-Kai



Archive consists of 5 folders.


The Karuks, Vello collection is available for public research.


The Karuks, Vello collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRC Archives.


The Karuks, Vello Papers, Estonian American Collection, IHRC Archives, University of Minnesota

Index Terms

Political activity

Detailed Description of the Collection

BOX 1.

FOLDER 1. Correspondence with the members of U.S. Senate and Congress concerning the release of Estonian political prisoners (Mart Niklus, Enn Tarto, Kaisa Randpere) from USSR authorities, concerning the deportation of Karl Linnas etc. 1979-1989
Incl. a copy of Vello Karuks' letter to Karl Linnas and Karl Linnas' response 1986
FOLDER 2. Correspondence (mostly copies) with members of U.S. Senate and Congress about the Baltic question 1982-1993, copy of the Committee of Estonia thank-you letter to Vello Karuks 1992 1982-1993
FOLDER 3. Clippings and copies of U.S. newspapers (mostly Seattle) about Estonia or Vello Karuks 1982-1991
FOLDER 4. Copies of articles published in Estonian-language newspapers about V. Karuks 1988-1991
FOLDER 5. Copy of a thank-you letter to America for food aid from Estonian children (undated, probably from 1940s) 1940s?