Kool, Ferdinand, Papers

Finding Aid


IHRC Archives

Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Dates: 1919-1998
Abstract: Collected materials about Displaced Persons camps, registers of the Estonian Archives in the U.S., documents concerning Ferdinand Kool's monograph.
Quantity: 6 linear in.
Language: Estonian, English, Russian, German, French
Collection ID: IHRC3550


Collection transferred to the IHRC from the Estonian Archives in the U.S.A. (EAU) in 2003-2005. It was processed as part of a collaborative project between the Estonian Archives in the USA (Lakewood, New Jersey), the National Archives of Estonia (NAE), and the IHRC in March 2012. Gristel Ramler and Tiina Trumberg of the National Archives in Tallinn, Estonia, worked with IHRC staff on the project.


10. January 1895 Laeva parish, Tartumaa, Estonia – 1973

Born as a farmer's youngest son. Studied in Estonian Aleksandi Farming School (Eesti Aleksandri Põllutöökool). He studied agronomy and worked in bacteriological laboratories at the University of Tartu. Kool was drafted to the army in 1914, took part in WWI. Also took part in the Estonian War of Independence. 1929 editor of newspaper „Kaja“. Later worked as an agronomist, 1924-1940 was the editor of "Oma Maa" - a farmers' newspaper. 1941-1944 chief editor of newspaper „Sakala“. Also worked as a journalist, short story and paphlet writer. He left Estonia with his family in the September of 1944. The family spent the period of 1945-1950 in Augsberg- Hochfeldt DP camp, where Ferdinand became the editor of a bulletin "Päevauudised" and later of newspaper "Eesti Rada". Went to USA in 1950, where he worked as a gardener in Connecticut. Helped organize, collect and categorize DP camps' material from Germany. In 1964 the Estonian National Council entrusted him with the documentation of the DP's, this material became the basis of Estonian Archives in USA. Was the editor of the Connecticut Estonian Society Newsletter. His literary alias was Kalju Rahu. Spouse: Eliise Jaakson, married in 1922. Son Endel Kool Daughter Kaja Kool (Mägi)

Bibliography: DP kroonika : Eesti pagulased Saksamaal 1944-1951. Lakewood : Eesti Arhiiv Ühendriikides, 1999 (New York : Hamilton Printing) Onupojad: romaan. Toronto:Orto, [1953] (Toronto:Ortoprint) Connecticuti Eesti Selts 1950-1990, Koostanud Ferdinand Kool, Endel Kool, Gaston O. Randvere.[Willimantic (Conn.) : Connecticuti Eesti Selts, 1990] 20 aastat Connecticuti Eesti Seltsi : 1950-1970 / [koostanud] F. Kool [Willimantic (Conn.) : Connecticuti Eesti Selts, 1970] Isamaa eest : film-romaan Vabadussõjast / Kalju Rahu ; [kaas: R. Kivit] Tartu : Loodus, 1935 (Tartu : K. Mattiesen) Langew täht : romaan / Kalju Rahu Tallinnas : Kaja, 1934 (Tallinn : Ühiselu)



The Kool, Ferdinand collection is available for public research.


The Kool, Ferdinand collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRC Archives.


The Kool, Ferdinand Papers, Estonian American Collection, IHRC Archives, University of Minnesota

Index Terms

Displaced persons

Description of Series

This section briefly describes each series in the collection. A more detailed description of the contents of each series may be found in the following section.

SERIES 1. Personal information

SERIES 2. Collected materials

SERIES 3. Estonian Archives in the U.S.A.

SERIES 4. Manuscripts and drafts of Ferdinand Kool's monograph about DP camp life in Germany and other articles



Detailed Description of the Collection

SERIES 1. Personal information

BOX 1.
FOLDER 1. Ferdinand Kool's voter card for the election of Pärnu town council 1919, (Paul?) Sepa's letter 1967 and Märt Raud's letter to F. Kool 1970 1919-1970
FOLDER 2. Ferdinand Kool's biography compiled by his daughter Kaja Kool Mägi, collected newspaper clippings about F. Kool

SERIES 2. Collected materials

BOX 1.
FOLDER 3. Correspondence, circular letters, authorizations etc. from the military governments, IRO and other organizations concerning DP-status, repatriation etc. (Incl. information about refugees' legal status and a draft from a letter to Eisenhower 1945 1945-1951
FOLDER 4. Collected documents from DP camps in Germany (mostly from the U.S. Zone). Minutes of the camp committee meetings (photo copies); statute of the representative office of Estonians living in the U.S. Zone; minute from the 17-18. Jan. 1948 Geislingen general meeting; minutes of the Central Committee of Estonians in the three Western zones from 7. Nov. 1947, overview of the refugee situation and repatriation, list of repatriated Estonians, Geislingen Estonians' appeal to H. Truman, samples of documents given to private individuals etc. 1945-1950
FOLDER 5. Documents of the representatives of the Estonian refugees in the French Zone 1946-1948, repesentative's application to the League of Nations 1946-1948
FOLDER 6. Appeal to the U.S. Senate and members of the House of Representatives from Estonians abroad, circular letters to members, programs of rallys 1940-1944
FOLDER 7. Major Paul Lanno's manuscripts "Estland und Seine Armee 1939-1945" ("Estonia and her Army 1939-1945") with notes 1945. Sent by P. Lanno to ? in 1966.
FOLDER 8. Kaarel R. Pusta's appeal concerning the Estonian issues (typewritten text with remarks) 1948 1948
FOLDER 9. Newspaper clippings, translations from various newspapers about Estonia 1945-1948
FOLDER 10. Newspaper "Eesti Post" nr 5, 7, 49, 51, 52, 54, 77, 82, 83. Geislingen DP camp newspaper, Germany 1946 1946
FOLDER 11. Bulletins "Baltische Gesellschaft in Deutschland. Mitteilungen" Oct/Dec. 1957, nr 1 (16) Febr. 1958; "Teated. ENMKÜ/ENNKÜ häälekandja Saksamaal" (Estonian YMCA newspaper in Germany) nr 2/1962 Nov, nr 3/1962 Dec. 1957-1962
FOLDER 12. Lists of: Estonian exiles, former Estonian university professors now residing in USA, assistants of Estonian universities and persons who obtained academic positions in exile, at present in the USA 1952?
FOLDER 13. Letters of third persons: Jaan Talva's aid appeal to the Estonians in U.S. (incl. a photo) 1947; fraternity Sakala Swedish Division circular letter 1/1954; Erich Harkna's letter to H. Visnapuu; A. Varma' s and T. Kink's appeal to the U.S. State Department in 1963 concerning the recognition of the government of the Republic of Estonia in exile etc. 1947-1966
FOLDER 14. Programs of events related to Estonia (including a letter from Ludwig Juht) 1948-1966
FOLDER 15. Newspaper clippings about Estonia 1956-1960
FOLDER 16. Materials related to Estonians participating in Richard Nixon's election campaign in 1968 (incl. a photo of campaign activists Hetty Virve Kuik and Meta Tahk) 1968
FOLDER 17. Miscellaneous: anti-communist leaflet in Russian, J. Kalvi's funeral sheet, documents of the Connecticut Estonian Society etc.

SERIES 3. Estonian Archives in the U.S.A.

BOX 2.
FOLDER 18. Correspondence concerning the Estonian archives in the U.S. between Ferdinand Kool, Estonian American National Council, Inc. and Eero Ormi about handing over, organizing and maintaining the archival material. Includes the list of archival materials handed over and organized: documents received from the New York Estonian House, documents from French Zone DP camps received from Eero Ormi in 1968, archival register from the Britsih Zone 1945-1952, archive's activities report, expense report 1964-1965 etc. 1964-1972
FOLDER 19. Estonian Archives in the U.S. registers I-II, register of documents received by the archive 1965-1969

SERIES 4. Manuscripts and drafts of Ferdinand Kool's monograph about DP camp life in Germany and other articles

BOX 2.
FOLDER 20. Copies of Ferdinand Kool's typed manuscripts sent to A. Anderson: "50 years of Estonian farmers movement", "K. Päts - Estonian statesman" 1967
FOLDER 21. "Leaving Germany" ("Saksamaalt lahkumine") compiled by Ferdinand Kool 1960s?
FOLDER 22. "Refugee and a DP camp" ("Pagulane ja laager") compiled by Ferdinand Kool. First three chapters are missing. 1960s?
FOLDER 23. Copies of F. Kool's "DP chronicles: Estonian refugees in Germany 1944-1951" drafts