Mark, Julius, Papers

Finding Aid


IHRC Archives

Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Dates: 1925-1959, 1990
Abstract: Manuscripts, drafts and copies of letters sent by Julius Mark, reprint.
Quantity: 1 linear ft.
Language: Estonian, English, German, Finnish, Swedish, Lappish
Collection ID: IHRC3099


Collection transferred to the IHRC from the Estonian Archives in the U.S.A. (EAU) in 2003-2005. It was processed as part of a collaborative project between the Estonian Archives in the USA (Lakewood, New Jersey), the National Archives of Estonia (NAE), and the IHRC in March 2012. Gristel Ramler and Tiina Trumberg of the National Archives in Tallinn, Estonia, worked with IHRC staff on the project.


Julius Mark 27.03.1890 Idavere village, Haljala parish, Virumaa, Estonia – 02.03.1959 Washington, DC, USA

Linguist. 903 – 1907 Rakvere City School (Rakvere Linnakool), 1908 – 1911 Tallinn Aleksander Gymnasium (Tallinna Aleksandri Gümnaasium), 1911-1912 studied Indo-European comparative and classical linguistics in the University of Tartu. 1912-1915 studied Finno-Ugric comparative linguistics and folklore in the University of Helsinki, Finland. 1918 Cand. Phil., 1919 M. Phil., 1923 Ph.D. in Finno-Ugric linguistics from the University of Helsinki, Finland. Participated in WWI and Estonian War of Independence. 1919-1944 professor of Uralic linguistics in the University of Tartu. Dean of the Department of Philosophy in 1924-1925, 1938-1939, 1942-1944. 1922 – 1924 chief editor of magazine “Eesti keel” („Estonian Language“). Left Estonia in 1944, lived in Germany 1944-1945 and taught Finno-Ugric languages in Halle university. 1945-1947 lived in Denmark, 1947 moved to USA. 1947 – 1948 and 1948- 1949 visiting lecturer in Harvard University, taught Russian language. From 1951 taught Finnish language in Georgetown University in Washington, DC. Chairman of the Learned Estonian Society 1929 – 1936, 1938 – 1940 vice president of Estonian Academy of Sciences. Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, member of Kalevala Society (Finland), member of Finno-Ugric Society, member of Estonian Scientific Association in USA. Academically a member of Estonian Students Society (Eesti Üliõpilaste Selts).

Wife: artist Kristiine Mei (married 1921, until 1941) Daughters: Elga Mark – Kurik (1928, geologist, paleontologist), Karin Mark (1922 – 1999, anthropologist), Lüüdia Vallimäe-Mark (1925, painter)

About Julius Mark: Eesti teadlased väljaspool kodumaad. Stockholm, 1984. p. 70. Alvre, Paul. Dem 100. Geburtstag von Julius Mark gewidmet. Linguistica Uralica. 1990 nr 3, 193-196



Archive consists of 13 folders.


The Mark, Julius collection is available for public research.


The Mark, Julius collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRC Archives.


The Mark, Julius Papers, Estonian American Collection, IHRC Archives, University of Minnesota


Estonian Historical Archives in Tartu: EAA.402.1.16868, in Mihkel Toomse personal archive correspondence 5299.1.70

National Archives of Estonia in Tallinn, correspondence in Kaarel-Robert Pusta's personal archive ERA.1622.2.73

Index Terms

Displaced persons

Detailed Description of the Collection

BOX 1.

FOLDER 1. Julius Mark's CVs, fragments of answers to questionnaires, lists of scientific works compiled by J. Mark in Finnish and English
FOLDER 2. Drafts and copies of letters sent by Julius Mark, received letter and article from Felix Oinas 1950-1958
FOLDER 3. Documents related to Julius Mark's work: Institute of Languages and Linguistics circular letters, final examinations - special course in Finnish, notes etc. 1952-1958
FOLDER 4. Julius Mark's lectures about Mordovian language 1934(?), spring semester, manuscript
FOLDER 5. Julius Mark's manuscripts and a draft of his scientific work "Zum Lokativ im Mordwinischen" and "Zum Lokativ im Finnischugrischen mit besonderer Rücksicht auf das Mordwinische" 1949(?)
FOLDER 6. Manuscript and drafts "The Uralic peoples and languages I" (undated)
FOLDER 7. Manuscript, drafts of "The Uralic peoples and languages II" ? Or part of a manuscript about the history and folklore of Estonians and Lapps? (undated)
FOLDER 8. Julius Mark's manuscripts, drafts "Estonian literature" chapters 1-3. Undated, in English
FOLDER 9. "Estonian literature" manuscript, drafts, untitled, undated, in English, chapters 4-7
FOLDER 10. Julius Mark's manuscripts: presentation about the numeral system of Finno-Ugric, article about Ob-Ugrians, book reviews. In English, undated
FOLDER 11. Julius Mark's extracts of prints about Estonian and other Finno-Ugric languages and folklore, about Estonian and world literature etc.
FOLDER 12. Julius Mark's "Mõned jooned tšeremisside, votjakite, sürjanite ja mordvalaste käekäigust peale 1917. aastat" 1925, reprint 1925
FOLDER 13. Newspaper clipping "Julius Mark 100", added to the archive by Estonian Archives in the U.S. 1990