University of Minnesota

Finnish Socialist Federation, Records

Finding Aid


Immigration History Research Center, College of Liberal Arts, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Creator: Finnish Socialist Federation. National Executive Committee (Chicago, Ill.). Eastern District Committee (Fitchburg, Mass.).
Dates: 1913-1925
Abstract: Minutes of the Eastern District Committee (Fitchburg, Mass.) (1913-1920) and the National Executive Committee (Chicago, Ill.) (1915-1925) of the Finnish Socialist Federation.
Quantity: 2 linear in.
Language: In Finnish.
Collection ID: IHRC711


The Finnish Socialist Federation (Suomalainen Sosialistijarjesto) was founded in Hibbing, Minn., in 1906. At its peak, from 1912 to 1914, it had an average membership of 13,000 and was the largest foreign-language federation in the Socialist Party of the United States. The Federation was organized into three districts: the Western, Midwestern, and Eastern. Each had its own newspaper, The Toveri, Tyomies and Raivaaja, respectively.The Federation underwent ideological splits in 1914 and 1920. The former occurred over the issue of industrial unionism; about 39 Midwestern chapters with 3,500 members were expelled or withdrew. The Federation split in 1920 over the question of affiliation with the Third International. The left wing, mostly from the West and Midwest, separated from the Socialist Party and remained independent until 1922 when it affiliated with the Workers Party of America.In 1927 the Finnish chapters of the Workers Party were reorganized into the Finnish Workers Federation. The right wing from the 1920 split founded the Finnish Federation of the Socialist Party of the United States (later the Finnish American League for Democracy).



The Finnish Socialist Federation collection is available for public research.


The Finnish Socialist Federation collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRC.


The Finnish Socialist Federation Records, Finnish American Collection, Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota


Related material is contained in IHRC collections for numerous Finnish Socialist local chapters.

Index Terms

Publishers and publishing--Ethnic.
Finnish American press.
Socialist parties--United States.
Finnish American Socialists.
Finnish American Communists.

Back to all finding aids in IHRC Archives.