Annie Clo Watson Papers, 1934-1960

Immigration History Research Center
University of Minnesota

Abstract | Provenance/Processing | Biographical Sketch | Scope and Content | Subject InventoryContainer List


IHRC 54
Watson, Annie Clo
Papers, 1934-1960
3 Linear Inches

Abstract

A social worker, Watson began her career at the Flint, MI, YWCA in the early 1920s; during that time she was also associated with the New York School of Social Work.  In 1928, she began a long association with the American Federation of International Institutes when she became executive director of the International Institute of San Antonio, TX.  She later worked with the International Institute of San Francisco, CA.

Watson was active in developing the Fellowship Church for All People and in founding the Council for Civic Unity.  She also served on the board of the American Civil Liberties Union; was active with the International House of Berkeley, CA; and assisted ethnic groups including Chinese Americans, Japanese Americans, and Mexican Americans.  She was a president of the National Association of Social Workers (Golden Gate Chapter), and winner of the prestigious Koshland Award for Social Work.

Papers consist of biographical information, correspondence, personal publications, and other publications.  Included are newspaper clippings and photographs pertaining to her career, articles and speeches, publications dealing with customs and costumes of other cultures, and information regarding establishment of the Annie Clo Watson Scholarship for Social Workers. Correspondence largely pertains to efforts to relocate war refugees following World War II.  In English.  Inventory available.

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Provenance/Processing

The Annie Clo Watson papers were deposited in the archives of the Immigration History Center in August, 1978. They were presented as a gift to the Immigration History Research Center to be part of the International Institute Project by Marjorie Montelius, and were secured through the efforts of Nicholas V. Montalto, director of the International Institute Project. The collection consists of three linear inches and was processed in June, 1981 by Carolyn I. Davis.  Inventory prepared for the Internet by Student Assistant Jessica Roskoski and Assistant Curator Heather Muir in 2001.

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Biographical Sketch

Annie Clo Watson, born 1891, began her career as a social worker at the YWCA in Flint, Michigan. Miss Watson, who worked at the YWCA from 1922-1927, also carried on an association with the New York School of Social Work during this period.

Annie Clo Watson left the YWCA in 1928 to take a position as executive director of the International Institute of San Antonio, Texas. She was to remain associated with the American Federation of International Institutes until her retirement in 1956, an association of 28 years. Following a four year tenure with the International Institute of San Antonio, Miss Watson accepted a position as executive director of the International Institute of San Francisco, a position which she held until 1956.

While serving as executive director of the International Institute of San Francisco, Miss Watson took leaves of absence twice; the first time from September, 1942 to September, 1943 in order to work at the YWCA of New York, and again from February-May, 1953 to take a round the world tour.

In 1956, Miss Watson received a scroll of appreciation from the Japanese-American Citizen’s League. She was awarded the Koshland Award in 1945 as  “the individual social worker making the greatest contribution to social work in California.” She helped develop the Fellowship Church for All People, and helped found the Council for Civic Unity. She also served on the board of the American Civil Liberties Union and was active with the International House of the University of California, Berkeley. Annie Clo Watson was an active supporter of many ethnic groups, including Mexican Americans, Latinos, and Japanese Americans. During World War II, she visited many Japanese American evacuation camps and was a primary advocate in helping to establish homes for this and many other ethnic groups. She was a President of the Golden Gate Chapter of the National Association of Social Workers. Annie Clo Watson died in 1960.
 

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Scope and Content

The Annie Clo Watson collection, as received, was in no apparent order, and so has been organized into the following categories:
I.  Biography (folder 1)
II. Correspondence (folder 2)
III.  Personal publications (folders 3-4)
IV. Miscellaneous publications (folder 5)
Section I.
This section, outlining the career of Annie Clo Watson, is made up primarily of newspaper clippings and photographs.

Section II.
The correspondence in this section concerns the war relocation efforts in which Miss Watson was involved during the years immediately following World War II.

Section III.
The personal publications of Annie Clo Watson are included in this section. Several of her articles are printed in The Womans Press, the Bookshelf, and various newspapers and brochures. Also included in this section are speeches presented by Annie Clo Watson.

Section IV.
The miscellaneous publications included in this section are works belonging to Miss Watson dealing with the costumes and customs of other cultures, a brochure of the International Institute of San Francisco, and an issue of The Journal of Educational Sociology.
 

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Subject Inventory

The following is a guide, not a complete index, to certain persons, subjects, and associations prominent in the collection.

Annie Clo Watson Scholarship for Social Workers
     Folder 1

Blaisdell, Allen C.
     Folder 1

Chinese Americans
     Folders 3, 5

Cozzens, R.B.
     Folder 2

Filipinos
     Folder 3, 5

Fixel, Lawrence
     Folder 1

International Institute of San Francisco
     Folders 1-5

Japanese Americans
     Folders 1, 3-5

Journal of Educational Sociology
     Folder 5

Koshland Award
     Folder 1

Latin Americans
     Folder 5

Mexican Americans
     Folders 3-5

Moncrief, Frank M.
     Folder 1

Myers, D.S.
     Folder 2

National Japanese American Citizens League
     Folders 1, 3

Spicer, Dorothy Gladys
     Folder 4

Tafolia, Micaela Lafuente De
     Folder 4

Tsotomu, Ema
     Folder 5

United Crusade
     Folder 5

War Relocation Authority
     Folder 2

Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA)
     Folders 1, 4

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Container List

 
Box Folder Contents
1 1 Biographical material, May, 1945-February, 1960
Made up primarily of newspaper clippings, this folder outlines the career of Annie Clo Watson as a social worker with the International Institute of San Francisco and her activities as the Koshland Award winner for 1945. Included in this folder are newspaper clippings from the Nippon Times, San Francisco Chronicle, New Japanese-American News, Pacific Citizen, and Hokubel, along with a photograph of Miss Watson and a certificate presented to her by the California Association of Social Welfare, as the Koshland Award winner for 1945. Memorial statements written by Frank M. Moncrief, Lawrence Fixel, and Allen C. Blaisdell are also included. The establishment of an Annie Clo Watson Scholarship for Social Workers, and Miss Watson’s work with the first and second generation Japanese Americans are among the main issues discussed in this folder.
  2 Correspondence, February 10, 1946-April 29, 1946
Two letters from the United States Department of Interior, War Relocation Authority make up this folder. These letters, dated February 10 and April 26, 1946, extend appreciation to Annie Clo Watson for her help in this effort and are signed by D.S. Myers and R.B. Cozzens.
  3 Publications and speeches, August 25, 1934-July 4, 1942
Included in this folder are articles written by Miss Watson and published in the San Francisco New World Sun, the Bookshelf, and the Womans Press, dealing with the experiences of Japanese Americans and Mexican Americans in attempting to make a home in the United States. Special nationality problems of the west coast are also discussed in a paper presented to the joint meeting of the National Council on Naturalization and Citizenship, and Division X of the National Conference of Social Work, May 22, 1934. A speech presented at Mills College, July 4, 1932, discussing the implication of evacuating Japanese Americans is also included.
  4 The Womans Press, 1927-1944
These three issues of the Womans Press, 1927, 1943, and 1944, include several articles by Annie Clo Watson on the problems of various ethnic groups, including the Japanese and Mexican Americans, and the effects of the war on these cultures. The magazine as a whole deals with the problems of immigrants of all cultures and contains numerous articles on the International Institute, the YWCA, and the plight of the foreign-born.  Specific articles by Miss Watson include “Between two wars,” Japanese-American Farmers- their wartime role,” and “Homebound.”
  5 Miscellaneous publications, 1941-1960
This folder contains two hard bound monographs dealing with the customs and costumes of the Japanese and Latinos, the Journal of Educational Sociology which includes an article written by Annie Clo Watson, and a newspaper clipping from the San Francisco Chronicle which gives a pictorial look at the mansion which now houses the International Institute of San Francisco.

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